Tips For Recovery Support From Substance Abuse
According to the Health Resources & Services Administration (HRSA), over 130 people die everyday due to the opioid crisis. This epidemic is just one example of the threat that illicit substances pose to society. Add to that 95,000 deaths a year from excessive alcohol use (CDC), almost 500,000 deaths from smoking each year (CDC), drug-related violence, drunk driving deaths, and more, and there is no question substance abuse is a serious issue.
Substance abuse does not discriminate. It affects anyone, regardless of socioeconomic status, race, religion or any other identity-marker.
Take for example the opioid crisis. Many victims of the opioid epidemic were prescribed a drug containing opioids and developed a dependency to it. This then lead to them misusing a prescription drug that was originally intended to help them. Many people who never thought they would become addicted to a substance, now found themselves addicts.
Here is what you need to know about substance abuse.
What is Substance Abuse?
Substance abuse and addiction, though often related, are not synonymous with one another.
Typically, when professionals refer to “substances”, they are discussing intoxicants, i.e. alcohol, marijuana, prescription drugs, hallucinogens, etc.
Abuse of these substances occurs when, according to the World Health Organization, behaviors “develop after repeated substance use that typically include a strong desire to take the drug, difficulties in controlling its use, persisting in its use despite harmful consequences, a higher priority given to drug use than to other activities and obligations, increased tolerance, and sometimes a physical withdrawal state.”
Substance abuse can often lead to addiction, but a person does not have to be clinically addicted to a substance before it is considered abuse. Any improper use of an illicit substance, even if prescribed by a doctor, is considered substance abuse.
Signs of Substance Abuse
A true diagnosis must come from a licensed clinician, but here are some signs:
- Using the substance in larger amounts or for longer than intended.
- Making efforts to reduce or stope us, but not being able to.
- Spending increased time getting, using or recovering from using the substance.
- Having cravings or urges to use the sbustance.
- Continuing to use the substance despite relationship or social problems caused by it.
- Giving up important social or occupational activities because of the substance use.
- Developing tolerance. Needing more of the substance to get the desired effect.
- Developing withdrawal symptoms.
Generally, substance abuse is laid out on a continuum to assess its severity.
Individuals often turn to substances to self-medicate the symptoms of depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, etc. Their hope is to numb the pain, but unfortunately, if an addiction follows it can lead to so much more pain.
What Can I Do?
Ultimately, if you fear that you may be experiencing substance abuse, reach out for help. It is a big step to admit you have a problem, but you can do it! Now is the time to be brave!
- Be aware of what kinds of substances you’re taking into your body. When taking prescriptions, ask your doctor about whether or not what you’re taking could have addictive side effects. Always be sure to take medications as directed by your physician and don’t be afraid to ask if you’re unsure about a drug.
- Be attentive to your own use of substances. It is never wise to start using illegal intoxicants, but you should also moderate your use of legal substances like caffeine, alcohol and nicotine.
- If you drink alcohol and ever find yourself in “need”, or have difficulty turning down a drink, get help early. It is always best to err on the side of caution when it comes to substance abuse. It could save you and your loved ones a lifetime of pain.
Aside from the physical hardships that substance abuse can result in, it can also be a source of overwhelming shame. Recovery takes time and support. TheHopeLine can be a great place for you to start in your recovery journey. Our HopeCoaches can share advice and resources with you and also share with you more about God’s restorative love.